Methamphetamine withdrawal – what to expect?


Methamphetamine is one of the most highly addictive drugs out there. Crystal meth is the most common street name given to this man made drug belonging to the phenylethylene class. Given its numerous side effects, addiction to crystal meth can be devastating. Although the drug causes extreme euphoria, meth testing has found the after effects can be detrimental. It not only plays havoc with the normal body functioning, but also causes irreparable damages to the brain and the central nervous system. Users also talk of crystal meth as a source of endless energy, increased concentration and sex drive.

The mode of ingestion generally depends on how quickly the drug is accepted by the body. Injecting directly into the blood will cause immediate effects while snorting and smoking could take some time. The initial rush after having the drug injected into the body is extremely euphoric. However, this lasts only for a minute or two. The effects of meth, on the other hand, stay for a comparatively longer amount of time, i.e. half an hour to 12 hours. The major downside with this drug, however, is that the more one becomes dependent on the drug, the more amount is needed to feel the high. This can cause severe negative impacts. Chronic addiction, psychotic behavior, intense paranoia, auditory hallucinations, mood disturbances, anxiety, and aggressive, impulsive behavior, etc. are the common after effects of regular meth intake. Apart from this, meth testing has indicated a number of other health issues associated with meth abuse.

Withdrawal symptoms

When a body has been accustomed to regular intake of a certain substance, it shows various symptoms when that particular substance is deprived. This very same thing happens when regular meth users stop the intake of methamphetamine for some time. The severity of the withdrawal symptom can vary depending on the level of addiction and the frequency and amount of the drug ingested into the body. Although methamphetamine has many withdrawal symptoms, given below are the three of the most common ones.

  1. Depression

Depression is the most common side effect of meth abuse. When the body is deprived of the drug, it develops a psycho stimulus associating to depression. This can be explained by the massive fluctuation in the dopamine release. When crystal meth is ingested into the body, there is a sudden spike in the release of dopamine release. This, however, affects the body’s natural ability to release dopamine and serotonin, thus resulting in depression.

  1. Fatigue

Meth testing reports from the users have indicated that frequent users are susceptible to extreme fatigue, when the intake of crystal meth is suddenly stopped. This is because methamphetamine is only an artificial source of energy. Given that it curbs the appetite and decreases immunity, crystal meth can be more detrimental than any other drug.

  1. Heart rhythm fluctuations

The drug being a stimulant, one of the common meth withdrawal symptoms is change in the heart beat rhythm. This usually happens when the users stop the intake of crystal meth. Meth testing has shown irregular heartbeat when the intake was suddenly stopped.

How to stage your home in the best possible way?


If you are planning to sell your house, you would definitely want to have the best deal on it. Whether you are selling just because you want to shift or you are in need of money, you would definitely want to get as much out of the transaction as possible. And that would be possible only if the house is well liked by the prospective buyers who would be ready to shell out a good amount for the house.

But how to make buyers like your property so much that they would be willing to pay the price set by you? This is where real estate staging comes into the picture. By staging a house properly, you can easily entice property buyers and get a good deal on the house. But how exactly do you do it? Well, here is some useful information for you.

Work on the curb

The first step to successful real estate staging is to improve the driveway or curb that leads to the house. If you have hedges, keep them trimmed. If the area is landscaped, make sure that it is neat and well maintained so that the first impression is really good and the buyers start liking the house before they even enter it.

Get rid of clutter

A clumsy home is something that no one likes and if you do want to make the house sell for a good price, you have to ensure that the buyers like what they see. So, to make real estate staging successful, get rid of anything that isn’t required anymore. Also, put all necessary things in their right place. Free up floor space and keep things arranged. This will make the house look spacious and nice.

Organize things for a better appeal

If the house has a lot of furniture, appliances, etc. it would be better to arrange them in a way that they add to the appeal of the house. If you have a nice looking table that you usually use in your study, you may want to shift it to the living room where it will easily attract attention. You may also like to place vintage, antique or valuable items in places where people usually look while visiting the house.

Manage the lighting

To enhance the appeal of the house, it would be prudent that you manage the lighting of the house as well. Natural lighting is the most important factor here. Allow as much light to enter the rooms as possible. You may use skylights, mirrors, etc for the purpose. Additionally, make sure that the artificial lighting system is well placed and offers ambient yet good light in all the rooms, foyer, kitchen, bathrooms, staircases, etc.

Keep it neutral

You may have certain preferences as to the décor of your house and its various areas, but the prospective buyer may not share your enthusiasm. So, an important point to follow in real estate staging is that you keep the total décor neutral and sober so that no buyer may be appalled at what they see.

ADA is a consulting and mentoring business.

What we do:

  1. Provision of career and business development advice for artists and cultural enterprises.
  2. Provision of business planning for self-employment and small businesses.
  3. Provision of planning for whanau to develop their capacity.
  4. Provision of training for creative sector and arts students in secondary schools.

How do we do it:
We are based in Dunedin and provide mentoring and advice for self-employment to clients referred by Work and Income in the Dunedin Metro area.
We operate across Otago and Southland through the STAR programme to provide Secondary Schools careering planning programmes for their creative sector and arts students.
We collaborate with Maori NGO to meet the needs of Maori for their development.
We work with fee-paying clients face to face or via email, phone and skype to provide mentoring for their career and business development.

Our Purpose
The work and creative vision of our clients adds vibrancy, cultural and aesthetic diversity, economic activity and critical analysis to our communities and improves the world that we live in.
The pathway to success for artists begins in secondary school continues through tertiary training and into professional development and business start-up or employment in the creative sector.
ADA ensures their clients have a clear sense of direction and the understanding to achieve success in their work. We do that by continuing to identify and define the pathways that artists use to achieve success. ADA provides commentary, advocacy, resources, training, mentoring and advice to artists and to the institutions that they engage with.


ADA started trading in 2006 entering a contract with Ministry of Social Development (MSD) Southern Region to provide mentoring and advice for their clients in the PACE programme. Since then ADA has won further multi-year tenders and negotiated annual contracts with MSD.

ADA picked up where The Higher Trust left off. The Higher Trust had been working with Ministry of Social Development (MSD) and their predecessors since 1998 to develop programmes and services for arts employment. Antony Deaker was involved in this work from the outset and was employed to manage the work of The Higher Trust from 1999. The research and advocacy work done by The Higher Trust informed the PACE policy that was launched nationally in late 2001.

ADA is managed by Antony Deaker. From 1998 to 2006 through The Higher Trust he provided research, advocacy, programme development and the delivery of services for arts employment and business development. ADA carried on from The Higher Trust to provide services to MSD and since 2009 these have been broadened to include any client of theirs intending to start self-employment or a small business.

Antony’s work in Dunedin with Arts Employment informed the development of the Pathways to Arts and Cultural Employment (PACE) policy launched nationally in 2001 by the Labour/Alliance government. PACE enabled artists and creative sector workers to be recognised and supported by WINZ to develop their careers.

Antony Deaker’s innovative approach to mentoring has been highly successful with an annual average of over 80% of clients leaving the benefit system permanently to start self-employment or into employment related to their career goals.

Research completed for ADA by Impact Consulting in 2012 reported that 90% of 120 clients from the previous four years were employed and over 75% of them had successfully started their own business. Their research also reported that 77% of those surveyed rated ADA’s mentoring services as excellent.

In the last five years ADA has broadened its reach to include work within the Maori community which has included consulting for Maori NGO and providing mentoring to whanau and individuals through different Maori development programmes. ADA is part of the Whanau Ora provider collective He Waka Kotuia o Araiteuru.

In 2012 ADA launched programmes, resources and relationships to deliver a specialist careers advice service to creative sector students at secondary schools across Otago and Southland. Schools purchase ADA’s service using the Secondary Tertiary Alignment Resource (STAR) through the Ministry of Education.

Michael Deaker has worked in education and media all of his working life and continues to contract to the Ministry of Education for various short-term projects and consultancy. He is the owner and director of ADA 2007 Ltd the company trading as Artist Development Agency. He oversees the work of Antony Deaker and the development of new contracts and proposals.